Welcome to Jim Corbett National Park, the first wildlife reserve of India, extending over an area of more than 500 sq km in the Himalayan foothills. Corbett national park was established in 1936, as the Hailey National Park. In 1955-56 it has changed to Ramganga National Park and finally Jim Corbett National Park in the honor of legendary hunter-turned- conservationist, best known for hunting man-eating tigers and leopards in the Kumaon and lower Garhwal in the 1920s.
Corbett National park is known for its varied wildlife, and as the site for the launching of Project Tiger. Corbett National Park was one of the nine tiger reserves created at the launch of the Project Tiger in 1973. The original area of the Corbett National Park was 323.75 sq. km. to which 197.07 sq. km. was added later. In 1991, an area of 797.72 sq km was added as buffer area of the Corbett Tiger Reserve. It area includes kalagarh forest division and Ramnagar forest division.
The Main animals found in the national park wildlife found in the Corbett National Park include the tiger, elephant, chital, sambar, nilgai, gharial, King Cobra, muntjac, wild boar, hedgehog, common musk shrew, flying fox, Indian Pangolin, and nearly 600 species of birds. Corbett National Park receives thousands of visitors every year. A variety of facilities are available to house tourists within and outside the park.
Corbett National Park General Information :
Core Area- : 520.82 sq. km, Buffer Area- : 797.72 sq. km, Total Area- : 1318.54 sq. km.
Longitude: 7805’ E to 7905’ E, Latitude: 29025’E to 29040’ N, Altitude: 365 m – 1100 m above MSL
Wildlife safari timing in corbett national park is just like other nationla parks in the country. Timings for entry into, and exit from, the park vary according to the season. In winters, due to the shorter duration of daylight hours, the morning entry time is later and evening exit time is earlier.
Morning Safari: 0730 hrs
Evening Safari: 1500 hrs
Morning Safari: 1030 hrs
Evening Safari: 1700 hrs
Morning Safari: 0630 hrs
Evening Safari: 1600 hrs
Morning Safari: 0930 hrs
Evening Safari: 1800 hrs
Mainly there are 03 entry gates for Jeep safari in Corbett national park:
1. Jirna Gate - Open Round the Year
2. Bijrani Gate - 01st Oct till 30th June
3. Dhangari - 16th Nov- 15 June
Corbett's floral diversity is mind boggling. In association with bhabar about 110 species of trees, 51 species of shrubs, 27 species of climbers and 33 species of bamboo and grass are found. The dominant species of tree is Sal Shorea robusta which is found over 75 % of the total area. In a few areas pure stands of sal are found. Trees like Haldu Adina cardifolia, pipal Ficus religiosa, Rohini Mallotus philipensis and mango Mangifera indica are also commonly found. Sheesham Dalbergia sissoo is found along the Ramganga river.
Main Flora in Corbett: Sal, semal, dhak, kharpat, sissoo, khair, khingan, bakli, bel, ber, bamboo, rohini, pula, khingan and kuthber
Main Fauna (Corbett National Park):
Mammals: Tiger leopard, elephant, chital, sambar, hog deer, barking deer, wild boar, langur, Wild pig, rhesus monkey, sambar and jackal.
Birds: Peacock, Jungle Fowl, partridge, Kaleej Pheasant, crow, vulture, parakeet, Laughing Thrush, oriole, kingfisher, drongo, dove, woodpecker, duck, teal, stork, cormorant and seagull;
Reptile: Indian marsh crocodile, gharial, King cobra, common krait, cobra, Russels viper, python and monitor lizard;
Fish: Mahaseer, kalimuchi, kalabasu, chilwa and goonch.